Armenia is located in the southwest Caucasus Region, neighboring on Georgia and Azerbaijan to the north, Iran and Turkey to the south, and a separate province of Azerbaijan in the southeast, called Nakhijevan (historically a part of Armenia, until the establishment of the Soviet power in Armenia. It doesn’t even share a border with Azerbaijan). The total area of the country is 29,800 square kilometers (11,505 square miles), making it about the size of Maryland.
Country:Republic of Armenia (Hayastan)
Capital: Yerevan (founded in 782 B.C., 29 years older than Rome)
Population - 1.5million
Population: 3.250.000 Official Language: Armenian (an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian people . Linguists classify Armenian as an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. There are two standardized modern literary forms, Eastern Armenian and Western Armenian (spoken by the Armenian Diaspora).
Major Cities: Gyumri (2nd largest city, population – 121.000), Vanadzor (3rd largest city, population – 74.000), Abovian (population – 54.000)
Religion: Christian, Armenian Apostolic Church. Armenia is the first country in the world to officially adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301 A.D.
Religions: Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%
Ethnic groups: Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)
Natural Resources: Armenia is rich in copper, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc. Substantial deposits of pumice, marble, tufa, perlite, limestone, basalt and salt also exist. Precious and semi-precious stones are abundant.
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.68 years
Currency: Dram, International currency code- AMD, one AMD = 100 lumas. There are banknotes of 500, 1000, 5000, 20000, 50000 and coins of 10, 50, 100, 200, 500
Foreign banknotes can be exchanged at local banks and exchange counters.
Geography: Armenia is a mountainous country. It’s one of the world’s unique landlocked countries. The Republic of Armenia lies in a triangular section of the Transcaucasus, bordered by Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey and the Republic of Georgia.
The greatest part of Armenia is mountainous (about 300 feet above sea level), while one-third is pastureland. Forest and woodland cover 12 percent of the country, arid land some 18 percent, and permanent crops cover 3 percent. The highest elevation is 4,095 meters (Mt. Aragats) and the lowest point is 400 meters above the sea level (Debed river).
Main Rivers:There are more than 200 streams and rivers in Armenia, none navigable, however, because of their steep descents and rapid currents. Araks – one of the largest rivers in the Caucasus flowing across entire Georgia and running into the river Kura on the territory of Azerbaijan. The big inflows of Araks on the territory of Armenia are the Akhuryan, the Kasagh, the Razdan, the Arpa and the Vorotan. The rivers Debed, Agstev and Akhum are the right inflows of the Kura running into the Caspian Sea. Some Armenian rivers belong to Lake Sevan basin. The rivers are fed with thawed, rain and subsoil waters. In spring the rivers become rapid and deep. And in the middle of summer the rivers get shallow and in the autumn their levels will rise at the expense of rain water.
Araks – on the territory of Armenia - 158 km (total length - 1,072 km)
Akhuryan - 186 km
Vorotan – on the territory of Armenia - 119 km (total length - 179 km) Debed – on the territory of Armenia - 152 km (total length - 178 km) Razdan - 141 km Agstev – on the territory of Armenia - 99 km (total length - 133 km)
Lakes:The Armenian countryside also boasts some 100 small, but picturesque lakes. One of the largest mountain lakes in the world, Lake Sevan, covers an area of 1,400 square kilometers and is about 650 feet above sea level.Visa: An entry visa is required (except for the citizens of CIS countries).
Time:GMT + 3 (GMT + 4 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).
Postal Services: National Postal Service, EMS , UPS, DHL, Federal Express, TNT Express Worldwide.
Internet: Dial-up, DSL, WiFi. Available in hotels and a number of internet cafés.
The national flag of the Republic of Armenia is of three colors in stripes of the same width - red, blue, orange respectively from top to bottom. The Red emblematizes the Armenian Highland, the Armenian people's continued struggle for survival, maintenance of the Christian faith, Armenia's independence and freedom. The Blue emblematizes the will of the people of Armenia to live beneath peaceful skies. The Orange emblematizes the creative talent and hard-working nature of the people of Armenia.
The law 'On the State Flag of the Republic of Armenia" was adopted on August 24, 1990, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia.
Following the constitutional reform of November 27, 2005, a new RA law on the National Flag of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on June 15, 2006. The national flag of the Republic of Armenia is a national emblem of the Republic of Armenia.
The Coat of Arms
The Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia is as follows: On a shield, positioned in the center, Mount Ararat is represented with Noah's Arch and the coats of arms of the four royal dynasties of the historical Armenia: from top to left - that of the Bargratunides, from top to right - that of the Arshakounides, from bottom to left - that of Artashesides, from bottom to right - that of the Rubenides. The shield is upheld by an eagle (on the left) and lion (on the right). There is a sword, as well as a branch of a tree, a bundle of spikes, a chain and a ribbon pictured below the shield. Golden is the main color of the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Armenia. The colors of the kingdoms of the historical Armenia are as follows: from top to left - red, from top to right - blue, from bottom to left - blue, from bottom to right - red, with orange-painted Mount Ararat positioned in the center on a shield. The foregoing colors emblematize the colors of the national flag of the Republic of Armenia.
"Mer Hayrenik"/"Our Fatherland"
The Anthem of the Republic of Armenia was adopted on July 1, 1991, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Armenia. It is based on the Anthem of the First Armenian Republic (1918-1920), but with different lyrics. The author of the lyrics is poet Mikael Nalbandian (1829-1866).
The Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state.
The state power is administered pursuant to the Constitution and the laws based on the principle of separation of the legislative, executive and judicial branches.