Fauna in Armenia is diverse given the country's relatively small geographic size, owing to the varied habitats created by the area's mountainous terrain.
Armenia holds a large diversity of fauna, including the Wild Armenian Goat, Deer, Wild Ram, Leopard, Caucasian Bear (all endangered), lynx, wildcat, Reed Wildcat, Wild Boar, Porcupine, Squirrel, Jackal, Mole, Prairie Dog, Marten, Royal Stag and Nutria. Other species normal to vegetation zones elsewhere will be found in Armenia. Unique fish found in Armenia are Ishkhan (red-spotted trout) and Sig. Most popular habitats for specific fauna are listed under each Region.
Armenia is an important area for migratory animals. About 350 different bird species were recorded in the country. Many of the world's domesticated animals originated in the area Armenia is located in, and the mouflon, the ancestor of domesticated sheep, is present there. Research suggests that about a quarter of the animal species in Armenia are internationally endangered. The mouflon are suffering a great population decline due to poaching and habitat loss, and the Sevan trout, which made up thirty percent of the fish in Lake Sevan, have virtually disappeared.
Southern and south-western Armenia remains the last stronghold for survival of leopard in the whole Caucasus, in part due to its connectivity with Iran where the main portion of the Persian leopard population exists. The total population size in Armenia numbers no more than 10-20 individuals, including adults, sub adults and cubs. Special calculations were not carried out. By fragmentary data, population in Armenia is accounted not more than 25 individuals.
* Armenian Gull
* Armenian Rock Lizard * Brown Bear
* Caspian Tiger
* Caucasian Bear
* Common Spoonbill
* Eastern Imperial Eagle
* Eumeces schneideri
* European Otter
* Greek Tortoise
* Long-eared Hedgehog
* Marbled Polecat
* Natterer's bat
* Pallas's Cat
* Persian Leopard
* Sevan khramulya * Sevan trout
* Squacco Heron
* Steppe Eagle
* Syrian Brown Bear
* Vipera raddei
* Wild Goat
Popular Fauna by Region:
The largest prairie dog population in Armenia is in Shirak, located west of Maralik. Nutria, moles, jackals and wildcats are frequently seen in the region as well.
Lori / Tavush
Notable fauna include sylvan wildcat, reed wildcat, lynx, fox, royal stag, deer, Caucasian squirrel, porcupine, bear, wild boar, marten.
Aragatsotn / Kotaik On Aragats mountain one can see: leopard (very rare), Caucasian wildcat, Caucasian ram and mountain goat (very rare), mole, lynx, porcupine, squirrel and marten. In Kotaik: deer, wildcat, mountain leopard (very rare), squirrel, wild boar, lynx, nutria, white panther (extremely rare), fox and bear.
Gegharkunik - Sevan
Wild Armenian Goat, Wild Ram, mountain leopard (endangered species), wild boar, fox, wildcat, Ishkhan and Sig.
Armavir - Yerevan - Ararat Endangered species include the wild boar, leopard, royal stag, wild ram and mountain goat (Khosrov Nature Preserve). Others include the lynx, deer, wild boar, wildcat, reed wildcat, prairie dog, mole and nutria.
Siunik Kapan City and its immediate surroundings lie on the Iranian Plateau, a semi-arid land inhabited by field deer, jackals and marten. Immediately to the West of Kapan City, between Goris and Meghri the landscape suddenly changes, marking the border of the Caucasian Land mass, with wild mountain goats, lynx, porcupines and sylvan wild cats. There are still a few wild boars in the deepest parts of the forest, and even the rare Caucasian leopard in the most remote mountain areas. This territory is pocked with small sections of the Asia Minor Plateau, with a few jackals, reed wildcats, hawks and eagles crossing between nature zones. Sissian is home to part of the surviving Caucasian bearded goat and wild ram.